1.03.09 revised 18.6.09

John Kapp,
22, Saxon Rd, Hove BN3 4LE, East Sussex   Tel: 01273 417997

1 Summary
Historians and archaeologists are at a loss to explain why former civilisations rose and fell, followed by dark ages. An explanation that fits the facts is the astrological theory of the great Ages, each lasting 2,145 years. Coupling this with Lovelock’s Gaia (living Earth) theory, a great Age could be the length of one Gaia day. As human days are divided into morning, afternoon and night, so can Gaia’s day can be divided into 3 phases, each of 715 years.

The first phase (afternoon) is cardinal, when the new archetype of the Age is initiated in Gaia’s afternoon. The second phase (night) is fixed, when the archetype is maintained in Gaia’s night as a dark age. The third phase (morning) is mutable, when the old is swept away, and the polarity sign archetype tends to be manifested. We are now about 30% into the cardinal phase of the Age of Aquarius, at about 4pm in Gaia time. The momentum for change is increasing rapidly, due to dramatic planetary transits from 2008-2012, hence the present intensity of change worldwide.

This paper spans the last 6,000 years, 3 Gaia days, 9 phases, as summarised in table 1. There is strong correlation with historical facts in each phase, making the theory plausible and deserving of further study by archaeologists and historians.


Great Age, element, ruler

Modality phase Polarity shadow

Gaia time

Start year

Finish year

Summary of historical events


1 Taurus (earth) (Venus)





Dark Ages Pre-dynastic Egypt

2Taurus (earth) (Venus) beauty

Mutable Scorpio (Pluto) death




Worship of the dead Pyramids built to bury dead kings and Pharaos. Worship of golden calf


3 Aries (fire) (Mars) war




1800 BC

Worship of war. Abraham. Old Testament. Wars. Enslavements. Jews, Arabs, Trojan wars

4 Aries (fire) (Mars) war





Dark ages Collapse of Minoan, Mycenian, Egyptian

5 Aries (Mars) war

Mutable Libra (Venus) beauty




Worship of beauty and prowess in sport and war Classical Greek period, founding of Rome, Pythagoras, Buddha


6 Pisces water (Neptune)





Worship of suffering 100BC Roman empire. Christianity, Suffering

7 Pisces (Neptune) suffering





Dark Ages Roman empire collapsed

8 Pisces water (Neptune) suffering

Mutable earth Virgo (Mercury - communication)




Worship of the Virgin, Norman conquest. Crusades, Renaissance, Reformation, since 1650AD worship of Science


9 Aquarius, air (Uranus) rebellion

Cardinal Polarity Leo (power)




Power to the people. Revolutions, Information Technology

2 Introduction. Why ‘dark ages’ in history?
This paper is one of a series of papers (1) which aim to build bridges between science and astrology, which was thrown out as superstition in the Middle Ages as the baby with the bathwater of religious dogma. Prof Richard Dawkins still dismisses it today. (2)

This paper was inspired by television programmes and visits to historical sites in Egypt, Greece, and Italy, where we were told: ‘A civilisation was built the ruins you see there, which ended in a dark age, but we don’t know why.’ This paper gives a possible explanation, using a combination of 2 theories: the theory of the astrological great Ages, and James Lovelock’s Gaia theory of the living Earth, first published in 1969.

3 Hypothesis of Great Ages
The theory of the great Ages of astrology have been known since the times of ancient Greece. They are caused by the astronomic phenomena known as the precession of the equinoxes, also discovered by the ancient Greeks. There are two planes in the sky: the plane of the ecliptic (the earth’s revolution round the sun) and the plane of the celestial equator (the extension of the plane of the equator as it spins around the earth) These two planes cross each other at the spring equinox on 21st March at a point in the sky called the Synetic Vernal Point (SVP)

The precession of the equinoxes causes the move slowly backwards through the Zodiac. The time taken to move through each sign (30 degrees) is 2,145 years, and is known as a great Age. The sign of the Age takes its name from the rising sign (ascendant) of the Age, which is the sign of the zodiac in which the SVP falls. The cycle time for the SVP to get round one whole revolution through 12 signs is 25,728 years.

We are alive because we receive a life force, which has many names, including, subtle energy, bio-energy, spirit, chi, prana, the gods, God etc. Astrologers believe that the life force varies in quality with the direction of the planets, affecting human behaviour. (1)

For example, for most of the last 2 millenia the rising sign of the Age was Pisces, so the life force of the Age was Piscean. This is a mutable water sign symbolising the archetype of suffering, dreaming. The sign of the Age has now changed to Aquarius, so the life force is mainly Aquarian, a fixed air sign symbolising communication of information.

The boundaries of the Ages cannot be defined precisely. They occur as a paradigm shift in thinking from several centuries before the change, when the first person promotes a new idea, to several centuries afterwards, when the majority accept the new way of thinking.

The first signs of change to Aquarian thinking could have been Copernicus promoting the heliocentric system in 1513, or Luther posting his 95 theses in 1517, starting the Reformation, Renaissance, science and technology.

Astrologers do not agree on the date when the Age changed, but I agree with Paul Wright (3) that the most credible year that it happened was in 1775 when the Americans revolted against rule by Britain. That was the first year in which the new Aquarian ideas caused the physical overthrow of the old orders in class-ridden society through national revolution.

Taking 1775 seems to fit the historical facts. However, assuming one date has a knock-on effect on the dates of previous changes, as they are separated by 2,145 years. Working back from 1775 implies that the previous change from the Age of Aries to Pisces occurred in 370BC, and from the Age of Taurus to Aries occurred in 2,515 BC.

These too seem to fit the historical data, as described below. Nevertheless, an argument can be advanced for the change from the Age of Aries to Pisces in 221AD, as the SVP moved into Pisces in that year. Taking 221AD would reset every change-over date forward by 591 years, which does not fit the data, and mis-calibrates the sequence. I discuss possible reasons for this apparent discrepancy in another paper (4)

Assuming the start date of the age of Aquarius as 1775 AD and working back with an assumed duration per age of 2,145 years, the last 7 Great Ages (with their polarities, or shadow) spanning 13,000 years are shown in table 1.

Assuming the start date of the age of Aquarius as 1775 AD and working back with an assumed duration per age of 2,145 years, the last 7 Great Ages (with their polarities, or shadow) spanning 13,000 years are shown in table 1.


Great Age Ruling Planet

Shadow polarity




Leo Fixed fire Sun





Fixed fire Sun

Fixed air




Cancer Cardinal water Moon

Capricorn Cardinal earth Saturn



Great flood

Gemini Mutable air Mercury

Sagittarius Mutable fire Jupiter



Writing, Babel

Taurus Fixed earth Venus

Scorpio Fixed water Pluto



Pyramids agriculture

Aries Cardinal fire Mars

Cardinal air Venus



Old Testament fighting

Pisces Mutable water Neptune

Virgo Mutable earth Mercury




Aquarius Fixed air Uranus

Leo Fixed fire Sun




4 Cardinal, fixed and mutable phases of each age
According to astrologer Phoebe Wyss, (5) there are three phases in each Great Age which vary according to the astrological modality cycle of cardinal, fixed and mutable. The quality of the time in the first third (715 years) of each age tends to be cardinal, when new ideas are initiated.

The quality of the time in the next third (715 years) tends to be fixed, when ideas are maintained, so little new happens. This corresponds to the dark ages, because history records change, and not much changes in this time.

The quality of the time in the next third of the cycle (715 years) tends to be mutable, when the old ideas are swept away to make way for the cardinal phase of the next great Age. During this phase the shadow sign (the polarity of the sign of the Age) tends to become increasingly dominant as a reaction to what went before. This is shown in table 3:


0-715 years

715-1430 years

1430-2145 years

Cardinal (initiation)
Great Age sign prevalent

Fixed (maintenance)

Mutable (sweeping away) Polarity shadow sign is dominant

The pattern of activity is two successive phases– the mutable and the cardinal – which are intensly active, followed by a fixed, and relatively inactive phase, which is the dark age. This is the pattern of the daily activity of plants and animals, including humans, who have about 16 hours of activity while awake, followed by 8 hours sleeping.

I now combine the modes of astrology with James Lovelock’s Gaia theory of the living Earth. Postulating that each Age (2,145 years) is one Gaia day, each phase (715 years) is one Gaia morning, afternoon or night.

The dark ages are the fixed phase of Gaia’s night. As with cities, life at night does not entirely stop, but activity is much reduced. Similarly, in the dark ages, history does not stop, but activity worthy of recording is much reduced. The mutable phase is Gaia’s morning, and the cardinal phase is Gaia’s afternoon. According to the Gaia clock, it is now about 2 centuries into the cardinal phase of the Age of Aquarius, so it about 4pm. As in any city at this time, the world is now intensely active and has been since Gaia woke up this morning a millennium ago around 1060AD.

To find the transition dates of each phase according to this theory, I work backwards from 1775AD subtracting 715 years, going back to the dawn of history to about 6,000 years ago. This constructs a matrix of 9 boxes, as shown in table 4:


Great Age

Shadow polarity

Modality phase Gaia

Start year

Finish year



Fixed - Night

3945B C




Mutable - Morning





Cardinal - Afternoon





Fixed - Night










Mutable - Morning





Cardinal - Afternoon





Fixed - Night





Mutable - Morning










Cardinal - Afternoon



I will now place historical events into their boxes, to test the explanatory power of the theory. I give a brief account of the meaning of the signs which colours the quality of the time, the ‘zeitgeist’, or spirit of the time, so that the reader can assess whether the historical facts correlate with it or not.

5 Taurus age fixed phase 3945 BC- 3230BC Gaia night
Taurus is a yin, female sign. During this time goddesses such as Demeter, Gaia, Athena were widely worshipped as the sacred female in ancient Greece. In India the Hindu god Krishna was a cow herd, who played the flute and danced. There cows and bulls were worshipped as a sacred animals (and still are) In ancient Egypt they worshipped a cow goddess was called Hathor, a bull god, Apis. The Minator in Crete was a bull which devoured men.

This great Age is noted for the building of burial tombs for the preserved or mummified bodies of the rulers (Pharohs, kings, queens) These took the form of burial mounds, caves, tunnellsd tombs and pyramids. Megalithic burial structures are found in many places in the world, including Egypt (eg 80 pyramids, and the valleys of the kings and queens) Ireland (eg New Grange) England (eg Stonehenge) Orkney (eg Scara Brae) Shetland, Peru (eg Caral) A catalogue of historical facts is given below:

a) 3,800BC Pre-dynastic upper Egypt funerial city of Nekhen (Hierakonpolis) (6)
b) 3,600BC West Kennet long barrow burial mound with 5 chambers in Wiltshire (7)
c) 3,400BC Nekhen thought to have had up to 10,000 inhabitants. (8)
d) 3,300BC King Scorpion ruled Egypt and was buried in a house with stocks of food in a covered mound called a ‘mastaba’. This is thought to have developed later into the stepped pyramids.(6)

Conclusion   Being pre-dynastic, little is recorded during this period, confirming the theory that this Taurean phase is a dark age.

6 Taurus Age mutable phase 3230BC- 2515BC (polarity Scorpio) Gaia morning
This phase is remarkable for the construction of elaborate and sophisticated burial tombs, requiring a huge investment by those civilisations. All workers were all united in one visionary cause, which was to secure the afterlife of the soul of the rulers (eg head of state, Pharoh, king, queen, high priest) Thousands of workers of both sexes co-operated for decades on one project. This would not have been possible unless the civilisation was generally peaceful. Some societies were matriarchal. No other phase in history has been so pre-occupied with death. What could have caused this?

According to the above mentioned Wyss theory (5) in the mutable phase of the great Age, the polarity sign predominates. The polarity sign of Taurus is Scorpio, whose archetype represents death, and whose ruler is Pluto, the king of the underworld. This explains this phase’s preoccupation with death, underworld and afterlife.

a) 3,100BC First Egyptian dynasty. King Narmer united Upper and Lower Egypt (6)
b) 3,100 BC The hieroglyphic script was developed (6)
c) 3000BC Megalithic burial structures built in Ireland (9)
c) 2,600BC The stepped pyramid built at Saqqara, Egypt (10).
d) 2,600-2,500BC The Great pyramids at Giza were built for Pharoh Khufu and his son Khafra. (10)

Conclusion   The historical data confirms the theory that the building of elaborate funerial tombs can be explained by the spirit of the Scorpio shadow polarity during mutable phase of the Age of Taurus.

7 Aries Age cardinal phase 2515BC-1800BC ruled by Mars, the God of war. Gaia afternoon
Aries is a yang, male sign, indeed the most male of all the 6 male sign. Its archetype is cardinal fire. The Age changed around 2,500BC, (4,500 years ago) and is symbolised by the forced submission of the female to the male, when the co-operative, matriarchal societies of the age of Taurus became patriarchal ones which were competitive, and dominated by conflict and war.

a) 2,400BC Silbury Hill England commenced building. It was completed by 2,000BC according to carbon dating, (9). It was thought by early archaeologists to have been a burial chamber, like the Egyptian pyramids, but it is not. Despite many digs and a tunnel, no bones have been found. Its purpose is unknown, the TV programme (7) suggesting that it was a viewing platform for the nearby Sanctuary. I believe that the habit of constructing large earthworks during the age of Taurus continued into the age of Aries. The position of Silbury hill may have been constructed on the long ley line from St Michael’s Mount in Cornwall to East Anglia, known as the Michael-Mary, or Rainbow Serpent line (7). Its latitude and longitude are 51 degrees, 24 minutes 56 seconds north, 1 degree 51 minutes 24 seconds. (9)

b) 2,200BC European recorded history started, when the first Greeks settled in the Peloponese. (11)

c) 2,000BC Abraham founded the Jewish religion by sacrificing a ram. The Israelites were forbidden to worship the golden calf (symbolising the Age of Taurus) His legitimate son, Issac founded the Jewish race, and his illegitimate son, Ishmael, founded the Arab race.(16)

d) 1,900BC Start of building Karnak temple, Egypt. (10) There is still is a long avenue of rams heads leading to the temple of Amun, the ram God, emphasising the worship of Aries the ram..

d) At Delphi and Olympia, temples which had previously been dedicated to female Godesses (Athena, Demeter) were rededicated to male gods Zeus, Apollo. At Delphi, guides still point out the rock behind which Apollo ambushed and killed the Python (symbolising the female) This Greek myth became the Christian myth of St George killing the dragon. (11)

e) In the museum at Delphi there is a bull with an inscription submitting it to male dominance. The relic of this sacrifice is thought to be the origin of the Spanish bullfight. India has never given up the habit of worshipping bulls and cows, which are still sacred today. (11)

Conclusion   One of the archaeologists speaking in the TV programme on Silbury hill (7) said ‘The building of Silbury hill in 2,400BC seems to be on the cusp of a new era, from the Neolithic stone age to the bronze age’. (note the word ‘cusp’, which is an astrological term for changeover point) This confirms the theory that the Age changed from Taurus to Aries in about 2,500BC, and brought much energy to initiate new ideas (such as working bronze) and imposing them on others by Arian domination.

8 Aries Age fixed phase 1800-1085BC Gaia night

a) 1,700BC The Minoan civilisation on Crete was at its height (13)

b) 1450 Fall of Minoan civilisation on Crete after invasions and volcanic eruptions (13)

c) 1360BC ‘A radical change set in all areas of Egyptian life. Under King Amenhotep III a monotheistic notion of God began to emerge, which shaped the tradition. In 1353BC, the sun god Aton was declared the only God. The renunciation of the belief in life after death, and the fulfilment of life as an endless eternity, is reduced to the span between birth and death.’ (12)

d) 1350BC.The Knossus at Rhodes was destroyed. (11)

e) 1340BC Queen Tiv, Queen Nefertiti (12)

f) 1335BC Tutenkamun. (12)

g) 1,274BC The Hippostyle hall at the temple of Karnak was built (10)

h) 1,200BC Abu Simbal temple built by Pharoh Rameses II. (10)

i) 1200 BC The Trojan war with Myceanean Greeks. (written up by Homer 5 centuries later around 700BC (11) (13) and collapse of the Mycenean civilisation (11)

h) 1100BC Egypt split. (10).

Conclusion   The civilisations in Crete, Greece and Egypt carried on under their momentum for up to 6 centuries into this phase, but eventually ran out of steam to become a dark age. There was not much energy for new ideas that lasted, such as the idea of only one god, Aton, which was proposed in 1353BC, but failed to change the paradigm, as later Pharohs reverted to the old beliefs. This confirms the theory that this period was generally a dark age.

9 Aries Age (cardinal fire) mutable phase, manifesting the shadow Libra (cardinal air) 1085BC-370BC Gaia morning
The symbol of the astrological sign Libra is the balance of justice, which kings were expected to mete out to their subjects. The museum in Athens displayed golden balances which were found in the tomb of kings, such as Agamenmon. A place in the throne room for a balance is visible in a palace of a king in SW Peloponese.

The ruler of Zodiac sign Libra is Venus, the goddess of beauty. The classical period of Greece is characterised by the worship of beauty of the male nude in statues, such as of Zeus. The ability of the ancient Greeks to create beautiful buildings and statues has never since been equalled. (However, 2 millenia later, in the equivalent part of the mutable phase of the Age of Pisces, Michelangelo (1500AD) and others made some good copies.

a) 1000BC.Moses laid down the law in tablets of stone, (16)

b) 1000BC David united kingdom of Israel with capital at Jerusalem (13)

c) 900BC The Jewish holy book, the Torah, was first written down. It is full of stories of the fighting of the tribes of Israel. It became the Old Testament in 325AD. (16)

d) 800BC Start of the Greek classical period. Competition in war gradually became competition in sport. (11)

e) 776BC The first Olympic games were held in Olympia, Greece.(11)

f) 728BC,Egypt conquered by the Nubians. (10)

g) 753BC Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus. (11)

h) 700BC Sparta was founded, but the city died out in (11)

i) 525BC, Egypt conquered by the Persians (10)

j) In Greece Pythagoras established a mystery school. (13)

k) C500BC In India Buddha founded Buddhism. In China Lao Tsu founded Taoism and Confusius founded Confusionism. (16)

l) 425BC. Parthenon founded in Athens. (11)

m) 371BC Sparta died out. (11)

Conclusion   Historical data confirms the theory that this phase was characterised by the sweeping away of the Arian energy of fighting, and bringing in the Libran energy of the worship of beauty and accomplishment.

10 Pisces cardinal phase, 370BC to 345AD Gaia afternoon, The age of empire.
The astrological sign of Pisces is mutable water, and the archetype represents dreaming and suffering. The old rule was Jupiter, king of the Gods, who stands for unity and extravagance. The new ruler is Neptune, the dreamy old man of the sea


a) 326BC Alexander the Great united a huge empire in, developing the concept of ‘cosmos’ (order) (13)

b) Ashoka the Great united an empire from Persia to southern India (13)

c) 146BC.The Greek classical period came to an end with Greece conquered by Rome, and Greece became part of the Roman empire.

d) 44BC Julius Caesar’s assassination. The town of Rome had a million inhabitants, and the Roman empire was at its height stretching from Britain to the Middle East. Roman astrologers created the Julian calendar. (11)

e) 6BC Jesus’ birth.

f) 27AD Jesus’ death on the cross, followed by 3 centuries of persecution of Christians by the Romans, epitomising Piscean suffering

g) 303AD, 10,000 newly converted Christians were crucified on a single day. (14)

f) 313AD The Roman emperor, Constantine, allowed Christianity (11).

g) 325AD compilation of the Bible at the Council of Nicea (11)

h) 330AD. Constantinople founded. (11)

In Christianity, water was used for baptism, and Jesus walked on water. The fish is the symbol of Christianity. Jesus is said to have been born as the first fish, and who died as a sacrificial lamb. Mankind conquered water, culminating with the colonisation of the world by sea, and the dreamy arrogance of the ‘unsinkable’ Titanic (1912)

Conclusion Historical data confirms the theory that the age changed from Aries to Pisces around 370BC. It was a phase of initiation of new ideas, such as the establishment of huge empires, (Alexander, Ashoka, Roman) and the worship of suffering

11 Pisces fixed phase 345AD – 1060AD Gaia night

a) 476AD The Roman empire officially ended. (11)

b) 5th century AD St Brendan the Navigator voyaged from Ireland to Scotland, Faeroe Isles, Iceland, Greenland and Newfoundland.

c) 6th century St Columba brought Christianity to Iona and Scotland. (16)

d) 8th century Robin Hood was living in Sherwood forest, (16)

e) 8th century King Arthur ruled in Southern England, (16)

f) 9th century the Vikings invaded and colonised Northern Europe, including Britain. (16)

g) 869 AD Date of the last inscription on the Mayan building before the city was deserted. (15)

Conclusion Historical data confirms the theory that this was a dark age, with not much energy for initiation of new ideas.

12 Pisces mutable phase 1060-1775AD (shadow side Virgo) Gaia morning
After the Dark Ages, history wakes up with:

a) 9th century The rise of Arab scholarship and culture.(16)

b) 1054AD The schism between the western and eastern (Orthodox) Church.(11)

c) 1066.AD The Norman conquest of Britain by William the Conquer. Start of building of the cathedrals in England and the worship of the Virgin. (16)

d) 1095 AD First crusade (13)

e) 1150AD Bringing of Greek philosophies to Europe

f) 170AD Founding of a university in Paris, with Oxford and Cambridge soon after. (13)

g) 1215 Signing of Magna Carta. (13)

h) 1400AD The organisation of banking in Florence by the Medici family.(16)

i) 1460 AD The capture of Constantinople by the Muslims who renamed it Istanbul. (16)

j) 1492AD Columbus discovered America leading to the colonisation of the world..(16)

k) 1543AD The publication of the heliocentric planetary system by Copernicus (13) and Galileo (1637) and works of Kepler, Newton, Decartes (13)

l) c1500-1700AD The Renaissance, Reformation, Enlightenment.(16)

m) 1700AD -present Development of materialist science. (16)

n) 1750/59AD Death of Bach and Handel, and end of composition of music of suffering. (16)

The shadow polarity of Pisces is Virgo, which is a mutable earth sign, symbolising matter. Science and society increasingly rejected the faith and dogma of the Church in favour of repeatable observation of data. It espoused the materialist, reductionist, mechanist paradigm, which has given rise to technology, improved standard of living and consumerism.

Conclusion   Historical data confirms the theory that this phase was the mutable phase of the Age of Pisces, with the sweeping away of the worship of suffering and the substitution of the Virgoan energy of materialism.

13 Aquarius / Leo cardinal phase 1775AD -2,4905AD Gaia afternoon
Aquarius is an air sign, representing communication. The old ruler was Mercury, and the new ruler is Uranus. Its polarity, Leo is the fixed fire sign, representing power, and ruled by the Sun. This Age is characterised by Power to the People, rather than oppressive masters, governments, and Church authorities in the Age of Pisces.

a) 1775AD The ‘shot heard round the world’, resulting in the American revolution, and the declaration of independence from Britain in 1776. (13)

b) 1789AD The French revolution. (13)

c) 1791AD The publication of Tom Paine’s ‘Rights of Man’.(13)

d) 1807AD Abolition of slavery. (16)

e) 1819AD The foundation of ‘Correspondence Societies’ discussing ‘power to the people’ against ‘Rulers who neither see, nor feel, nor know, but leechlike to their fainting countries cling (Shelley,) (16)

f) 1832AD The Reform Acts, reformed Parliament. (16)

g) 1834AD The Tollpuddle Martyrs which gave rise to trade unionism.(16)

h) 1800’s Invention of the spinning jenny and the industrial revolution. (16)

i) 1840AD Invention of the telegraph. Railway companies. (16)

j) 1870.AD Married Women’s Property Act, (16)

l) 1884AD The Merchant Shipping Acts, established the Plimsol line, against overloaded ‘coffin’ ships. (16)

m) 1890s The telephone was developed.(16)

n) 1900AD The invention of the airplane and the car. Conquering of the air.(16)

o) 1899-1902 Boer war Anti-oppression movements. Rights for working class people were advanced by the founding of the Labour party. (16)

p) 1917AD Russian revolution (16)

q) 1914-8 and 1939-45 The world wars against imperialism.(16)

r) 1926AD Universal franchise, general strike, and great depression. (16)

s) 1931AD Self government in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa

t) 1947AD India, and African colonies soon after. (16)

Information is power, and the phenomenal rise in Information Technology gives power to everyone. Radio broadcasting developed in the 1930s, television in the 1940s, computers in the 1960s, internet in the 1980s, mobile phones in the 1990s, digitalisation and minaturisation in the last decade. People have never before been able to communicate so easily, which gives them more power over their lives than ever before, which governments are powerless to control.

Conclusion   Historical data seems to confirm the theory that the Age of Pisces changed to the Age of Aquarius around 1775AD and is now well established. However, old habits die hard, and relics of the age of Pisces are observable in conventional science and medicine. This is still Virgoan, (an earth sign) with its materialistic, reductionist, mechanistic view of the body, and its dismissal of the non-material emotions (water) mind (air) and spirit (fire) as delusions. However, alternative medicine is Aquarian, being holistic, and believing in non-material emotions, mind and spirit. It is said to be the fastest growing industry in the western world. I have written many papers about this elsewhere. (17).

14 Overall conclusion
The above data shows highly significant correlation between historical facts in each of the above 9 phases of the great Ages, all of which are very different from one another. The theory ‘history is explained by astrological great Ages’ thus offers a plausible explanation for why things happened when they did, as shown in the summary table 1 at the beginning of this paper.

It shows that the present materialistic world view is fallacious. History is not an accident, happening at random, and devoid of meaning and purpose. Everything in life happens synchronistically, as a result of the spirit of the Age. The life force that gives us our vitality is not constant, but varies with the positions of the planets, and affects the quality of time, and the behaviour of mankind. The materialist paradigm is shifting to holism as the Age of Aquarius gathers momentum.

1 Paper on astrology: section 9.11 ‘Discovery of the Cause and Cure for my Arthritis’ section 9.22. ‘The Evidence Base for Astrology – Calendars and attitude and longitude.’ 9.36 ‘How Astrology Works’ by John Kapp,
2 TV programme by Prof Richard Dawkins ‘The Enemies of Reason’ 13.8.07
3 Book ‘The Great Ages’ by Paul Wright 2007
4 Paper. ‘When did the age of Pisces begin?’ by John Kapp, available from him.
5 Paper ‘The Age of Aquarius – what’s new about the new age?’ Jan 2006, by Phoebe Wyss,
6 TV programme BBC 5 ‘Secrets of the Scorpion King’ 16.6.09
7 TV programme on Silbury hill shown on BBC4 on 14.6.09
8 Dr Renee Friedman wikipedia entry about Nekhen
9 Book by Hugh Newman ‘Earth Grids’
10 British Museum website about pyramids.
11 Guide books to Greece and Italy
12 Information board in Pergamon museum, Berlin.
13 Book ‘The Passion of the Western Mind’ by Prof Richard Tarnas 1991.
14 Picture ’10,000 crucified’ in the Academia art gallery, Venice
15 David Attenborough TV programme on Darwin 2.1.09
16 History books.
17 Other papers by John Kapp in section 9 of

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